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双语 | 出现了这8种迹象,说明你过敏了,赶紧去看医生!

INSIDER 徽标 作者:Savanna Swain-Wilson INSIDER 中的 | 幻灯片 9 - 1: 
  Many people have allergies
  without knowing it.
  
  Allergic reactions can be mild, moderate, or severe.
  
  Allergic reactions aren't always consistent, but they can get
  worse over time.
  
  Insider spoke with Dr. Purvi Parikh - an allergist,
  immunologist, and spokesperson for Allergy and Asthma Network -
  to learn the signs of an allergic reaction.
  
  Visit Insider's
  homepage for more stories like this.
  

  Allergic
  reactions account for 200,000 visits to US emergency rooms
  every year, according to the Asthma and Allergy
  Foundation of America. Often times this is due to the fact
  that some people aren't aware they are allergic to something
  until they have an asthma attack or anaphylaxis, a life-threatening
  allergic reaction.

  Allergies happen when the 
  immune system overreacts to a particular substance. After
  exposure to an allergen, the body stacks up its defense system by
  producing a chemical called histamine. Whether the trigger is in
  pet dander, peanut butter, or a bee sting, these histamines cause
  people with allergies to experience a wide range of symptoms.

  "You can take two people who have the same exact allergy, and one
  can be very severe while one can be very mild," says Dr. Parikh,
  allergist and asthma associate of Murray Hill in New York City.

  So how can you tell if you're allergic to something in the first
  place? The only way you can be 100% certain is by getting an
  allergy test, but until that happens, it's important to be
  mindful of the signs of a possible reaction so that you can be
  prepared if one occurs unexpectedly.

  • 很多人在不知不觉中就有了过敏反应。
  • Many people have allergies without knowing it.
  • 过敏反应可以是轻度、中度或重度。
  • Allergic reactions can be mild, moderate, or severe.
  • 过敏反应并不总是一致的,但随着时间的推移,它们会变得更糟。
  • Allergic reactions aren't always consistent, but they can get worse over time.
  • Insider网站采访了Purvi Parikh博士,他是过敏症专科医师、免疫学家,同时也是过敏和哮喘网络的发言人。
  • Insider spoke with Dr. Purvi Parikh - an allergist, immunologist, and spokesperson for Allergy and Asthma Network - to learn the signs of an allergic reaction.
  • 更多类似的故事请访问Insider网站的主页。
  • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories like this.

根据美国哮喘和过敏基金会的数据,过敏反应导致每年20万人前往美国急诊室就诊。这通常是由于一些人直到哮喘发作或过敏反应(一种危及生命的过敏反应)时才意识到自己对某些东西过敏。

Allergic reactions account for 200,000 visits to U.S. emergency rooms every year, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Often this is due to the fact that some people aren't aware they are allergic to something until they have an asthma attack or anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction

当免疫系统对某种物质反应过度时,过敏就会发生。在接触过敏原后,身体会产生一种叫做组胺的化学物质,从而增强其防御系统。不管是宠物皮屑、花生酱还是蜜蜂蛰伤,这些组胺都会让过敏者出现各种各样的症状。

Allergies happen when the immune system overreacts to a particular substance. After exposure to an allergen, the body stacks up its defense system by producing a chemical called histamine. Whether the trigger is in pet dander, peanut butter, or a bee sting, these histamines cause people with allergies to experience a wide range of symptoms. 

纽约Murray Hill过敏专科医师兼哮喘助理Parikh博士说:“你可以找两个完全相同的过敏患者,一个可能非常严重,另一个可能非常轻微。”

"You can take two people who have the same exact allergy, and one can be very severe while one can be very mild," says Dr. Parikh, allergist and asthma associate of Murray Hill in New York City. 

那么你怎么知道你对什么东西过敏呢?唯一能百分百确定的方法是做过敏测试,但在此之前,一定要注意可能出现的反应迹象,以便在意外情况下做好准备。

So how can you tell if you're allergic to something in the first place? The only way you can be 100% certain is by getting an allergy test, but until that happens, it's important to be mindful of the signs of a possible reaction so that you can be prepared if one occurs unexpectedly. 

声明:本文由微软资讯(Microsoft News )内容合作伙伴授权发布,内容观点谨代表作者本人意见,与微软资讯(Microsoft News)及微软无关。

© Kai-Uwe Knoth/AP

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