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名校猎场 | 这个无比冷门的专业,竟然有超高的就业率和录取门槛!

教育 徽标 教育 2019/10/20 MSN

今年夏天,一部韩国电影持续占据着一周的微博热搜,它不仅广受好评,更是成为第一部获得金棕榈的韩国电影,这部电影叫《寄生虫》。它讲述了一个韩国底层家庭通过各种手段寄生于一个富人家庭的故事。其中,穷人家的女儿基婷借助自己的艺术天赋,把自己包装成美术老师,做起了富人家儿子的艺术治疗师;仅仅看了一眼男孩的画,她就准确地从“右下角一团黑色块”这个细节中推断出男孩童年时遭遇过创伤,着实让男孩妈妈吓了一跳,同时也完全被她这个“艺术治疗师”的头衔所折服。

尽管基婷的“艺术治疗师”身份是伪造的,但在心理咨询领域确实存在这样一种职业,他们会借助艺术的表达方式帮助来访者更好地自我叙述和自我剖析。今天,我们重点谈谈这一无比冷门,却有超高的就业率和录取门槛的专业——艺术治疗

DENVER, CO - APRIL 20: Amy Leiter chats with Reign Patton, 15, as they try and find some music to play during Lil Ladies Teen Art Studio at Violet Hive Art Therapy on April 20, 2017, in Denver, Colorado. Nonprofit Violet Hive Art Therapy has started offering programming to youth through its Lil Ladies Teen Art Studio. The group supports one anothers art endeavors and bond through art making. (Photo by Seth McConnell/The Denver Post via Getty Images) © Copyright - 2017 The Denver Post, MediaNews Group. DENVER, CO - APRIL 20: Amy Leiter chats with Reign Patton, 15, as they try and find some music to play during Lil Ladies Teen Art Studio at Violet Hive Art Therapy on April 20, 2017, in Denver, Colorado. Nonprofit Violet Hive Art Therapy has started offering programming to youth through its Lil Ladies Teen Art Studio. The group supports one anothers art endeavors and bond through art making. (Photo by Seth McConnell/The Denver Post via Getty Images)

到底什么是艺术治疗?

其实艺术治疗的重点在于用非语言的媒介和创造性的艺术方式,去探索个人问题,对来访者进行内心力量的建设,提高他们的自尊心。其中包括舞蹈治疗,音乐治疗,戏剧治疗,绘画治疗等,还可以用黏土与橡皮泥创作,以及利用计算机等一些交互媒体进行创作等。

Art therapy - making a mosaic UK. (Photo by: Photofusion/Helen Stone/UIG via Getty Images) Art therapy - making a mosaic UK. (Photo by: Photofusion/Helen Stone/UIG via Getty Images)

如何成为一名艺术治疗师?

中国目前的艺术治疗师少之又少,属于供不应求的状况。就好像十年前心理学还没变得热门之前,社会对于心理咨询师的需求量是很大的。更别说现如今随着人们生活水平的提高,大家的注意力早已不在温饱上面,而是开始关注自己的心理健康,以及处于边缘的弱势群体。

Staff Photo by Gordon Chibroski, Thursday, April 17, 2003: Scarborough High School Art teacher, Joanne Allen, discusses a house model built by Tanner Pulsifer in Design, one of the art classes she teaches at the school..  (Photo by Gordon Chibroski/Portland Press Herald via Getty Images) Staff Photo by Gordon Chibroski, Thursday, April 17, 2003: Scarborough High School Art teacher, Joanne Allen, discusses a house model built by Tanner Pulsifer in Design, one of the art classes she teaches at the school.. (Photo by Gordon Chibroski/Portland Press Herald via Getty Images)

对于美国来说,这个专业需要有特定机构的认证也才能开设。比较好的艺术治疗的院校都集中在美国,英国也有很多学校有这个专业但是排名不是很靠前,所以就不贸然推荐了。要注意的是,硕士学位是艺术疗法的最低入门水平,本科预科专业和 Art Therapy 博士课程都尚未通过AATA审批。现如今属于美国艺术治疗协会AATA的艺术院校分别是Pratt Institute、School of Visual Arts、School of the Art Institute of Chicago。

Angouleme (western France): 'Ecole europeenne superieure de l'image, EESI', European School of Visual Arts, specializing in comic art on this site. (Photo by: Andia/UIG via Getty Images) Angouleme (western France): 'Ecole europeenne superieure de l'image, EESI', European School of Visual Arts, specializing in comic art on this site. (Photo by: Andia/UIG via Getty Images)

毕业后的工作大环境和发展前景

1. 由于艺术治疗师职业的特殊性,有时你要面临的不是一个人,而是一群人。

以美国为例,艺术治疗师的工作地点可能在医院,学校,诊所,私人场所,也会在司法机构等地工作。你要面临的人可能是受伤的孩子,抑郁症患者,应激障碍的退伍军人,老年痴呆的患者,除去这些easy版本,还有那些面临重大自然灾害后需要心理重建的大面积人群。 虽说这样的工作,甚至是这样的人生,帮助了数以千计的人,会让你有无比的成就感,但如果你选择从事这个领域,肯定也要面对无数突发情况,在选择之前做好自己的心理准备吧。

Miami Beach, North Shore Community Center, senior education Art Class. (Photo by: Jeffrey Greenberg/UIG via Getty Images) Miami Beach, North Shore Community Center, senior education Art Class. (Photo by: Jeffrey Greenberg/UIG via Getty Images)

2. 美国的就业前景是高于中国的,尽管后者同样迫切需要艺术治疗这样的人才。

因为美国在培养体系中提倡一站式的学习方式,从学习培训到就业。而且在这硕士两年中,你有无数的机会(强制性)去各个机构学习体验,一方面,你会适应国外的工作环境,另一方面,有多少人走着“实习即就业”的路,所以夸大点说找工作不是难事。

BRUCE BISPING ¥ bbisping@startribune.com Minneapolis, MN., Tuesday, 1/25/11]  (left to right)  Pre-kindergarten student Deondre Bishop was helped by teacher Pat Ford with his art project, as Terrance Love worked on his during class at the Reuben Lindh Center in Minneapolis.(Photo By Bruce Bisping/Star Tribune via Getty Images) BRUCE BISPING ¥ bbisping@startribune.com Minneapolis, MN., Tuesday, 1/25/11] (left to right) Pre-kindergarten student Deondre Bishop was helped by teacher Pat Ford with his art project, as Terrance Love worked on his during class at the Reuben Lindh Center in Minneapolis.(Photo By Bruce Bisping/Star Tribune via Getty Images)

那么,你对这样一个有着超好就业前景的专业心动了吗?

注:本文部分内容来源网络,未经授权禁止转载。(编辑:NanNiu;责任编辑:Agnes)

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