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霸道口语 | 学英语为什么这么难!我们完全用错了方法?

教育 徽标 教育 2019/11/1 MSN

蔡康永曾说过一句话,激励了无数人学习英语:18岁觉得英文难,放弃英文,28岁出现一个很棒但要会英文的工作,你只好说‘ 我不会耶 ’。

但他一定没有料到,现实远比梦想残酷——即使18岁没有放弃英文,到了28岁,面对需要英文的工作时,95%的中国人还是只能说:“我不会······”

07 March 2019, Lower Saxony, Gehrden: Pupils of a 5th grade learn English with iPads at the Oberschule Gehrden in the Hannover region. The secondary school Gehrden is one of the leading digital learning schools in Germany. For seven years now - long before the Federal Government's Digital Pact came into effect - teaching here has taken place almost entirely in digital form on our own initiative. Many other schools are now benefiting from the experience gained in digitisation. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images) © Copyright 2019, dpa (www.dpa.de). Alle Rechte vorbehalten 07 March 2019, Lower Saxony, Gehrden: Pupils of a 5th grade learn English with iPads at the Oberschule Gehrden in the Hannover region. The secondary school Gehrden is one of the leading digital learning schools in Germany. For seven years now - long before the Federal Government's Digital Pact came into effect - teaching here has taken place almost entirely in digital form on our own initiative. Many other schools are now benefiting from the experience gained in digitisation. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images)

英语真的有那么难吗?

事实上,英语早已被联合国教科文组织列为世界上最容易学的语言,比中文还容易。从基础到顺畅沟通,FSI给出的学习指导时间竟然仅为575-600小时(约半年)。 

那么为什么最勤奋的中国人,却学不好最简单的英语?

根本的原因在于:传统的英语学习,存在重大误区!

07 March 2019, Lower Saxony, Gehrden: Pupils of a 5th grade learn English with iPads at the Oberschule Gehrden in the Hannover region. The secondary school Gehrden is one of the leading digital learning schools in Germany. For seven years now - long before the Federal Government's Digital Pact came into effect - teaching here has taken place almost entirely in digital form on our own initiative. Many other schools are now benefiting from the experience gained in digitisation. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images) © Copyright 2019, dpa (www.dpa.de). Alle Rechte vorbehalten 07 March 2019, Lower Saxony, Gehrden: Pupils of a 5th grade learn English with iPads at the Oberschule Gehrden in the Hannover region. The secondary school Gehrden is one of the leading digital learning schools in Germany. For seven years now - long before the Federal Government's Digital Pact came into effect - teaching here has taken place almost entirely in digital form on our own initiative. Many other schools are now benefiting from the experience gained in digitisation. Photo: Julian Stratenschulte/dpa (Photo by Julian Stratenschulte/picture alliance via Getty Images)

英语的本质是语言,而语言的本质则是交流!可在中国传统的应试教育中,几乎不存在专业的口语教学。

首先,传统的学习教材与实际生活存在明显的脱节。 从小学到大学的教材,都是偏向于学术英语,与实际生活英语有很大差别。 学了10年英语,到了国外连咖啡都不会点的情况,非常常见。一句“How do you like your coffee?”“Yes,I like it.”,就足以让人嘲笑一整天。

另外,英语的本质是语言,而语言的本质则是交流!可在中国传统的应试教育中,几乎不存在专业的口语教学。

于是,你费尽心思: 每天花5小时慢读VOA或者BBC; 报了4899元一对一外教课; 背单词、抠语法,做了无数题; 英语学习打卡超过150天+…… 也不过在做无用功罢了,你的学习目的错了,学习的方式自然也错了。英语怎么可能学好?

CAMBRIDGE, MA - MARCH 28: Haiser Acosta, right, leans over to work with Marvin Carranza in professor John Antonellis' English Level 3.5 class at Harvard University on March 28, 2018. The Harvard Bridge Program is an adult education and training program thats open to benefits-eligible university staff, faculty, research scholars, and the employees of Harvard contractors. Post-doctoral scholars at Harvard come to better their English before presenting their research. Custodians and cashiers come between jobs to learn English, take computer courses, and prepare for citizenship exams. (Photo by Pat Greenhouse/The Boston Globe via Getty Images) © 2018 - The Boston Globe CAMBRIDGE, MA - MARCH 28: Haiser Acosta, right, leans over to work with Marvin Carranza in professor John Antonellis' English Level 3.5 class at Harvard University on March 28, 2018. The Harvard Bridge Program is an adult education and training program thats open to benefits-eligible university staff, faculty, research scholars, and the employees of Harvard contractors. Post-doctoral scholars at Harvard come to better their English before presenting their research. Custodians and cashiers come between jobs to learn English, take computer courses, and prepare for citizenship exams. (Photo by Pat Greenhouse/The Boston Globe via Getty Images)

其实, 据美国官方调查显示:一个地道的美国人掌握的单词不超过1000个。 而在美国,中国人只要掌握1000个单词+180个核心句型就足以应付日常生活中95%的交流情境。 这个观点初听可能觉得荒谬:“开玩笑,四六级词汇背了五六千个,新概念背诵过上百篇,涉及的场景怎么也有上百个了,可口语不也是磕磕绊绊的?”

其实语言的表达并不是一一对应的,可以互相替代与转换。1000个词汇量,并不只有1000多个含义。180个句型也可以举一反三,应用到1000个不同场景中…… 例如:

当我们要表述“小儿子继承了她所有的财产”,如果我们的词汇量里有没有继承这个单词时,千万别着急,我们完全可以表述成:

Her youngest son got all her property.

She gave all the property to her youngest son.

All her property goes to her youngest son.

She gave her youngest son all she had.

再比如:当要表述“这本书很有趣,我爱不释手。”你可能至少需要3步才能说出口:

①想单词。 ②想语法。 ③结合场景,把单词和语法串起来。

然后,得出答案:

This book is interesting, it makes compulsive reading.

可是,如果你的词汇量不够,不懂“compulsive”这个单词,你在第①步就放弃了。 即便你单词没问题,每个句子的语法也不一样,你在第②步就放弃了。 

但如果能换个角度,通过掌握一个核心句型:can/could hardly do sth. 就完全可以表述成:

This book is interesting, I can hardly put it down.

最重要的是,像这样的核心句型还可以通过举一反三,在不同场景中任意变化使用,例如:

他想回家的心情十分迫切。

He can hardly wait to go back home.

她太兴奋了,昨天都失眠了。

She was so excited that she could hardly sleep last night.

BUENA PARK, CA - MAY 10: The computer lab is one of the amenities offered to residents Clark Commons affordable family apartments family apartments project in Buena Park on Wednesday, May  10, 2017. The room is used for children to do their homework or learn English.  (Photo by Leonard Ortiz/Digital First Media/Orange County Register via Getty Images) BUENA PARK, CA - MAY 10: The computer lab is one of the amenities offered to residents Clark Commons affordable family apartments family apartments project in Buena Park on Wednesday, May 10, 2017. The room is used for children to do their homework or learn English. (Photo by Leonard Ortiz/Digital First Media/Orange County Register via Getty Images)

而这样的效果仅靠背单词、练语法是不可能做到的。

所以,虽说英语学习没有捷径,但是我们可以通过一些学习技巧让自己的整个学习过程变得更为轻松高效些,变得更欢乐!

注:本文部分内容源于网络,未经授权禁止转载。 (编辑:Niu Nan;责任编辑:Agnes)

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