您正在使用较旧版本的浏览器。为了获得最佳 MSN 中文网体验,请使用受支持的版本

植物也是食肉派!那些“无肉不欢”的植物们用英语怎么说?

Photos 2022/11/30 MSN

食肉或食虫植物通过捕获和消化昆虫和其他小动物获得营养。 这些植物大多数的栖息地都处于营养贫瘠的土壤条件下,这就是为什么它们依赖其他生物来 获得营养的原因。 以下是世界各地一些令人难以置信的食肉植物。

Carnivorous or insectivorous plants trap and digest insects and other small animals for nutrients. The habitat of most of these plants are in nutrient-poor soil conditions, which is why they rely on other living beings for their nutrition. Here is a look at some incredible carnivorous plants around the world.

维纳斯捕蝇草(捕蝇草)

Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)

© Martin Wahlborg/Getty Images

原产于美国北卡罗来纳州和南卡罗来纳州的维纳斯捕蝇草是一种小型开花植物,其“陷阱”由每片叶片末端的近圆形波瓣组成。 当它的微小的感官毛发被一个不警惕的小虫刺激时,这些花瓣就会 快速关闭。 之后,叶子表面的腺体会分泌红色汁液,需要大约10天来消化昆虫。

Native to North and South Carolina, U.S., the Venus flytrap is a small flowering plant whose "traps" are made of nearly circular lobes at the end of each leaf. These snap shut when its tiny sensory hairs are stimulated by an unwary bug. The glands on the leaf surface then secrete a red sap that takes about 10 days to digest the insect.

水车植物(貉藻)

Waterwheel plant (Aldrovanda vesiculosa)

© Paul Starosta/Getty Images

貉藻位于欧洲,非洲,亚洲和澳大利亚的部分地区,它被国际自然保护联盟(IUCN)列为“濒危”植物。 这种自由漂浮的水生植物使用捕捉陷阱机制捕获小型水生动物。 它由两个裂片组成,一旦猎物靠近就会将其包裹其中。

Found in parts of Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia, the waterwheel plant is termed "endangered" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The free-floating aquatic plant uses snap-trap mechanism to capture small aquatic animals. It consists of two lobes that enclose the prey as soon as it comes close.

常见金缕梅

Common butterwort (Pinguicula vulgaris)

© Getty Images

大多数在沼泽和沼泽中发现,这种金缕花利用其腺叶分泌的粘性液体吸引昆虫。 一旦捕获了猎物,叶子就会慢慢卷曲包裹猎物 ,叶子表面上的粘毛分泌酶来消化猎物并吸收必需的营养物质。 这种植物主要分布在北半球,从西伯利亚到北美,以及中美洲和南美洲。

Mostly found in bogs and fens, a butterwort attracts insects using a sticky fluid secreted by its glandular leaves. Once the prey is trapped, the leaves slowly curl around it and the sticky hairs on the leaf surface secrete enzymes to digest the prey and absorb the essential nutrients. This plant is largely found in the northern hemisphere, from Siberia to North America, as well as Central and South America.

黄猪笼草

Yellow pitcher plant (Sarracenia flava)

© Getty Images

这种植物的名字来自它的用于捕猎的陷阱,这些陷阱通常看起来像小号,大水罐或瓮。 黄色猪笼草在其喇叭形叶子中利用花蜜状分泌物来诱捕昆虫,使它们陷入陷阱

The name of this plant comes from its carnivorous trap, which usually looks like a trumpet, pitcher or urn. The yellow pitcher plant makes use of a nectar-like secretion in its trumpet-shaped leaves to lure the insects, causing them to drown in the trap.

圆叶白露

Roundleaf sundew (Drosera rotundifolia)

© Getty Images

这种小型野花植物的圆形叶子覆盖着腺毛,这些腺毛上面有闪闪发光的粘性分泌物,而这些分泌物则有助于吸引和捕获小昆虫。 它主要分布在北美和欧洲部分地区。

This small wildflower plant has round leaves covered with glandular hairs that are tipped with a glistening, sticky secretion, which helps in attracting and trapping small insects. It is mostly found in North America and parts of Europe.

狸藻类植物

Bladderwort (Utricularia)

© Gilbert S Grant/Getty Images

狸藻类植物是具有小型充气囊的水生植物。它捕获昆虫及其幼虫,水生蠕虫和水蚤等微生物以获得额外的营养。 世界各地约有200种不同的这种植物。 常见的狸里藻类植物(Utricularia macrorhiza)原产于北半球。

Bladderworts are aquatic plants with small air-filled bladders that trap tiny organisms, such as insects and their larvae, aquatic worms and water fleas, for additional nutrients. There are about 200 different species of this plant around the world. The common bladderwort (Utricularia macrorhiza) is native to the northern hemisphere.

露水松

Dewy pine (Drosophyllum lusitanicum)

© Paul Starosta/Getty Images

这种食肉植物存在于葡萄牙,西班牙和摩洛哥的地中海地区。 植物会释放出甜美的香气将猎物吸引到它上面,并用胶状的叶子捕获毫无防备的动物。

This carnivorous plant is found in the Mediterranean regions of Portugal, Spain and Morocco. The plant releases a sweet aroma to draw the prey toward it and entraps the unsuspecting organism using its gluey leaves.

柯布拉莉莉(眼镜蛇瓶子草)

Cobra lily (Darlingtonia californica) 

© Getty Images

这种植物通常在美国加利福尼亚州和俄勒冈州发现,它有盖罩的叶子类似于一组尖牙或蛇的舌头(因此得名!)。 一旦猎物被花蜜腺引诱并被困在里面,它就会被叶子的无色半透明类似窗户的斑块弄糊涂。 叶子的光滑的墙壁和密集的向下指向的毛发可以防止猎物逃脱。

Commonly found in the U.S. states of California and Oregon, this plant has hooded leaves that resemble a set of fangs or the tongue of a snake (hence the name!). Once the prey is lured using nectar glands and trapped inside, it gets confused by the leaves' colorless, translucent patches, as it resembles windows. The slippery walls of the leaf and dense downward-pointing hairs prevent the prey from escaping.

猪笼草

Monkey cup (Nepenthes)

© Getty Images

主要在中国,马来西亚,印度尼西亚,菲律宾,马达加斯加,澳大利亚,印度,婆罗洲和苏门答腊岛发现,猪笼草也使用陷阱来捕获昆虫。 此外,盖子在植物的花瓶形杯子上弯曲。 它们也被称为热带猪笼草,通常通过颜色,香味和甜蜜的花蜜吸引小昆虫并将其捕获。 一些较大的物种,如Rafflesiana,已知会捕获像老鼠一样的小型脊椎动物。

Mostly found in China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Madagascar, Australia, India, Borneo and Sumatra, monkey cups too use pitfall traps to capture insects. Additionally, a lid curves over the plant's vase-shaped cup. Also known as tropical pitcher plants, these usually trap small insects by attracting them with color, fragrance and sweet nectar. Some of the larger species, such as Rafflesiana, are known to trap even small vertebrates like rats.

瘦缩布罗基凤梨

Brocchinia reducta

© Paul Starosta/Getty Images

瘦缩布罗基凤属于凤梨科,是三种适合捕获昆虫的凤梨科植物之一(另外两种是Brocchinia hechtioides和Catopsis berteroniana)。 它主要存在于委内瑞拉,巴西,哥伦比亚和圭亚那。 这种植物有一个充满水的,高大的管状轮生的浅绿色叶子并用这个叶子来捕捉它的猎物。 因为它不像大多数其他食肉植物那样产生消化酶,所以它依赖于细菌来消化昆虫。

Belonging to the Bromeliaceae family, Brocchinia reducta is one of the three bromeliads that are adapted to trap insects (the other two are Brocchinia hechtioides and Catopsis berteroniana). It is mostly found in Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia and Guyana. The plant has a water-filled, tall, tubular whorl of light green leaves which it uses to capture its prey. As it does not produce digestive enzymes like most of the other carnivorous plants, it depends on bacteria for the digestion of the insects.

声明:本文由微软资讯(Microsoft News )内容合作伙伴授权发布,内容观点谨代表作者本人意见,与微软资讯(Microsoft News)及微软无关。


image beaconimage beaconimage beacon